Friday, January 11, 2013

Telaprevir - Analysis of geno 2 and 3 hepatitis C virus variants demonstrates a consistent resistance profile across genotypes

Analysis of genotype 2 and 3 hepatitis C virus variants in patients treated with telaprevir demonstrates a consistent resistance profile across genotypes

S. De Meyer1,*, A. Ghys1, G. R. Foster2, M. Beumont1, B. Van Baelen1, T.-I. Lin1, I. Dierynck1, H. Ceulemans1, G. Picchio3

Article first published online: 10 JAN 2013 DOI: 10.1111/jvh.12046

  • drug resistance;
  • genotype 2 and 3;
  • hepatitis C;
  • mutation;
  • peginterferon alfa-2a;
  • protease inhibitors;
  • ribavirin
Study C209 evaluated the activity of telaprevir in treatment-naïve patients with genotypes 2 or 3 (G2, G3) hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

Telaprevir monotherapy showed potent activity against HCV G2, but limited activity against G3.

This analysis was performed to characterize HCV viral variants emerging during telaprevir-based treatment of G2/G3 HCV-infected patients.

Patients were randomized to receive 2 weeks of treatment with telaprevir (telaprevir monotherapy), telaprevir plus peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin (triple therapy), or placebo plus peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin (control), followed by 22–24 weeks of peginterferon/ribavirin alone.

Viral breakthrough was defined as an increase >1 log10 in HCV RNA from nadir, or HCV RNA >100 IU/mL in patients previously reaching <25 IU/mL.

Twenty-three patients (47%) had G2 and 26 (53%) had G3 HCV.

Viral breakthrough occurred during the initial 2-week treatment phase in six G2 patients (66.7%; subtypes 2, 2a and 2b) and three G3 patients (37.5%; all subtype 3a), all in the telaprevir monotherapy arm.

Four breakthrough patients (three G2, one G3) subsequently achieved sustained virologic response (SVR).

In all patients with breakthrough and available sequence data, mutations associated with reduced susceptibility to telaprevir in genotype 1 (G1) HCV were observed. No novel G2/G3-specific mutations were associated with telaprevir resistance.

The telaprevir resistance profile appeared consistent across HCV genotypes 1, 2 and 3. Although viral breakthrough with resistance occurred in patients receiving telaprevir monotherapy, half of these patients achieved an SVR upon addition of peginterferon/ribavirin highlighting the importance of combination therapy.



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