Thursday, September 17, 2015

Clinical Thought - How I Use Resistance Testing to Guide Management of Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C

How I Use Resistance Testing to Guide Management of Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C

Mark S. Sulkowski MD - 9/15/2015
Recently, I have begun to hear many questions from colleagues and trainees regarding the use of resistance testing in the management of HCV-infected patients. To be honest, my answers to their questions are not always straightforward, as this is a rapidly evolving area of discussion in the field and I am confident that my opinion will evolve along with the data.

When Resistance Testing Is Recommended 
That said, the AASLD/IDSA guidance has now highlighted at least one patient population for whom resistance testing with commercially available assays can be used to guide treatment decisions: Persons for whom treatment is urgent and previous treatment with NS5A inhibitors has failed to achieve cure. This would include previous exposure to such regimens as ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir plus dasabuvir, and daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir. We know from follow-up data of patients treated in clinical trials that resistance associated variants (RAVs) against any of the available DAAs are likely to be detected upon on-treatment virologic breakthrough or posttreatment relapse with the exception of the nucleotide analogue NS5B inhibitor sofosbuvir. More importantly, we know that variants that are associated with resistance to NS5A inhibitors, including ledipasvir, ombitasvir, and daclatasvir, are likely to be stable and detectable for as long as 2 years after treatment. 

Read more 

  • Module (Coming soon)
    • HCV Resistance Alert Module (Coming soon)
  • CCO Slideset (Coming soon)
    • HCV Resistance Alert Slides (Coming soon) 

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