Tuesday, February 22, 2011

Maintenance monotherapy improves the fibrosis progression in liver transplant recipients with recurrent HCV

Transpl Int. 2011 Feb 5. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-2277.2011.01228.x. [Epub ahead of print]

Long-term, maintenance MMF monotherapy improves the fibrosis progression in liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C.

Manzia TM, Angelico R, Toti L, Bellini MI, Sforza D, Palmieri G, Orlando G, Tariciotti L, Angelico M, Tisone G.

 U.O.C. Transplant Unit, Department of Surgery, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy  Histopathology Department, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy  Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences University of Oxford, Oxford, UK  Hepatology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence after orthotopic liver transplantation (LT) is universal. We designed a retrospective case-control study to evaluate the effect of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) monotherapy in patients with recurrent hepatitis C.

Fifteen patients with histologically proven hepatitis C recurrence after LT were switched from calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) to MMF monotherapy because of impairment of kidney function and/or metabolic side effects, and treated for 48 months (MMF group).

Fifteen well-matched LT recipients who continued to receive CNIs therapy over the same period served as control group. Demographics, clinical data, time after LT, and baseline liver biopsies were similar in the two groups. There was no worsening of hepatic fibrosis during the study in the MMF group [2.6 ± 1.5 (baseline) Ishak Units vs. 2.7 ± 1.8 (after 48 months of MMF treatment), P = 0.6]. In contrast, a significant increase in the fibrosis score [2 ± 1.1 (baseline) vs. 3.2 ± 1.7 (after 48 months of CNI treatment), P = 0.0002] was observed in the control group. The yearly fibrosis progression rate was of 0.05 ± 0.44 in the MMF group and 0.33 ± 0.24 in the CNI group (P = 0.04).

MMF monotherapy is associated with a favourable effect on hepatic fibrosis progression in HCV liver transplant recipients.

© 2011 The Authors. Transplant International © 2011 European Society for Organ Transplantation.
PMID: 21294787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

No comments:

Post a Comment