Thursday, January 27, 2011

HIV:In heavily pre-treated patients rPRT-based resistance information adds benefit

Replicative phenotyping adds value to genotypic resistance testing in heavily pre-treated HIV-infected individuals - the Swiss HIV Cohort Study

Jan Fehr , Tracy R Glass , Severine Louvel , Francois Hamy , Hans H Hirsch , Viktor von Wyl , Jurg Boni , Sabine Yerly , Philippe Burgisser , Matthias Cavassini , Christoph A Fux , Bernard Hirschel , Pietro Vernazza , Gladys Martinetti , Enos Bernasconi , Huldrych F Gunthard , Manuel Battegay , Heiner C Bucher , Thomas Klimkait and and the Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Journal of Translational Medicine 2011, 9:14doi:10.1186/1479-5876-9-14

21 January 2011

Abstract (provisional)

Replicative phenotypic HIV resistance testing (rPRT) uses recombinant infectious virus to measure viral replication in the presence of antiretroviral drugs. Due to its high sensitivity of detection of viral minorities and its dissecting power for complex viral resistance patterns and mixed virus populations rPRT might help to improve HIV resistance diagnostics, particularly for patients with multiple drug failures. The aim was to investigate whether the addition of rPRT to genotypic resistance testing (GRT) compared to GRT alone is beneficial for obtaining a virological response in heavily pre-treated HIV-infected patients.

Patients with resistance tests between 2002 and 2006 were followed within the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS). We assessed patients' virological success after their antiretroviral therapy was switched following resistance testing. Multilevel logistic regression models with SHCS centre as a random effect were used to investigate the association between the type of resistance test and virological response (HIV-1 RNA<50 copies/mL or [greater than or equal to]1.5log reduction).

Of 1158 individuals with resistance tests 221 with GRT+rPRT and 937 with GRT were eligible for analysis. Overall virological response rates were 85.1% for GRT+rPRT and 81.4% for GRT. In the subgroup of patients with >2 previous failures, the odds ratio (OR) for virological response of GRT+rPRT compared to GRT was 1.45 (95% CI 1.00-2.09). Multivariate analyses indicate a significant improvement with GRT+rPRT compared to GRT alone (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.31-2.15).

In heavily pre-treated patients rPRT-based resistance information adds benefit, contributing to a higher rate of treatment success.

The complete article is available as a provisional PDF. The fully formatted PDF and HTML versions are in production.

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