Wednesday, February 7, 2018

Hepatitis C: daclatasvir/asunaprevir may improve HRQOL and hepatic functional reserve, particularly in elderly patients

Exp Ther Med. 2018 Jan;15(1):970-976. doi: 10.3892/etm.2017.5488. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Health-related quality of life on the clinical course of patients with chronic hepatitis C receiving daclatasvir/asunaprevir therapy: A prospective observational study comparing younger (<70) and elderly (≥70) patients.
Ohashi K1,2, Ishikawa T2,3, Suzuki M2,4, Abe H1,2, Koyama F1,2, Nakano T1,2, Ueki A1,2, Noguchi H1,2, Hasegawa E1,2, Hirosawa S1,2, Kobayashi M1,2, Hirosawa H2,5, Sato K2,6, Fukazawa T2,6, Maruyama Y2,7, Yoshida T3.

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Interferon-free direct acting antiviral agent regimens for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) have been developed. These regimens have shown a high rate of sustained virologic response (SVR), and a reduction in side effects during treatment is also anticipated. However, the impact of the regimens on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and side effects during treatment is not fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate HRQOL in the clinical course of patients with CHC receiving daclatasvir/asunaprevir (DCV/ASV) therapy using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) method. Twenty-eight patients with CHC receiving DCV/ASV therapy were analyzed in the present study, and HRQOL was measured by SF-36. Patients were asked to fill out the SF-36 prior to therapy (baseline), following 12 weeks of therapy, at the end of treatment and at SVR week 24 (SVR24) to evaluate HRQOL. Laboratory data were also investigated during the same period, and associations between these results and SF-36 were investigated. Aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, serum albumin, α-fetoprotein, platelet counts and Fibrosis (Fib)-4 index were all significantly improved at each time point when compared with baseline. With regard to alterations in HRQOL during therapy, the ≥70-year-old group displayed a significantly greater improvement in physical functioning during the period between baseline and 12 weeks when compared with the <70-year-old group. In the analysis of the SF-36 differences within each group, general health improved significantly in the ≥70-year-old group, as well as albumin levels. In addition, Fib-4-index significantly improved at all time points (12 and 24 weeks, and SVR24) when compared with baseline in the ≥70-year-old group. Therefore, DCV/ASV therapy may improve HRQOL and hepatic functional reserve, particularly in elderly patients.

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