Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Full Text-Hepatitis B vs. hepatitis C associated hepatocellular carcinoma

Research article
Hepatitis B vs. hepatitis C infection on viral hepatitis-associated hepatocellular carcinoma

Spiros P Hiotis, Nuh N Rahbari, Gerald A Villanueva, Eunjie Klegar, Wei Luan, Qin Wang and Herman T Yee

BMC Gastroenterology 2012, 12:64 doi:10.1186/1471-230X-12-64
Published: 8 June 2012

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Abstract (provisional)

To determine clinical-pathologic variables in patients with a new diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and underlying hepatitis B vs. C infection.


Patients presenting to a single urban hospital with a new diagnosis of HCC were entered into a clinical database. Variables including number and size of tumors, presence of metastases, serum alpha-Fetoprotein, hepatitis serologies, severity of hepatic dysfunction, and presence of cirrhosis were evaluated in 127 patients.


Patients with hepatitis B (HBV) were more likely to develop HCC at a younger age than patients with hepatitis C (HCV) (HBV-26% under age 40, HCV-0% under age 40; p < 0.001), with greater serum alpha-Fetoprotein production (median level: HBV-1000 ng/ml vs. HCV- 37 ng/ml; p = 0.002), with larger tumors (HBV-78% >5 cm, HCV-28% >5 cm; p < 0.001), in the absence of cirrhosis (HBV-40%, HCV-0%; p < 0.001), and a decreased eligibility for curative treatment (HBV-14%, HCV-34%; p < 0.05). Conversely, patients with HCV were more likely to develop HCC in association with multiple co-morbidities, cirrhosis, and older age.


Significant clinical-pathologic differences exist among HCC patients with underlying HBV vs. HCV. These differences impact eligibility for potentially-curative therapy and prognosis.

The complete article is available as a provisional PDF. The fully formatted PDF and HTML versions are in production.

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