Showing posts with label TGIF-News Review. Show all posts
Showing posts with label TGIF-News Review. Show all posts

Friday, September 15, 2017

HCV TGIF: Patient Voice Lacking in HCV Cost-effectiveness Research, Baby Boomers, and Liver Cancer

TGIF! Here's your HCV news with blog updates from around the web.

HCV Review
Sept 15
If you are interested in a weekly news recap start with HepCBC.

In The News
Viral hepatitis accounts for 1.34m deaths globally
Sep 16
Viral hepatitis with 1.34 million deaths globally has surpassed all chronic infectious diseases including HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, according to a study by Global Burden of Disease.

'Exciting' discovery on path to develop new type of vaccine to treat global viruses
Sept 15
Scientists at the University of Southampton have made a significant discovery in efforts to develop a vaccine against Zika, dengue and Hepatitis C viruses that affect millions of people around the world.

Update on the Cost Burden of HCV Treatments
Sept 15
With the recent availability of the interferon-free combinations of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for hepatitis C viral infection (HCV), patients now have a highly effective treatment without the dismal side effects that interferon-based therapies offered in years past.

Of Interest
Will Express Scripts and CVS Health open their Hep C Virus therapeutic class and add Marvyet alongside Harvoni?
AbbVie’s Mavyret Drug Pricing: A Challenge to the Pharmacy Benefit Manager Business Model
Sept 15
AbbVie’s pricing for its new Hepatitis C Virus drug Mavyret is disruptive to the current PBM business model because it forces the Big 3 PBMs to consider a drug for inclusion in their national formularies that is aligned with their clients interests — more cost-effective that Harvoni — but not aligned with their own interests — needing to squeeze out all the rebates they can from specialty drug therapeutic classes. At the very least, will Express Scripts and CVS Health open their Hep C Virus therapeutic class and add Marvyet alongside Harvoni? Or, will they expose themselves to claims of misalignment by excluding Mavyret?

Newly approved hepatitis drugs mark a milestone in treatment and access
Briefly Sep+Oct 2017
The Gilead Sciences HCV medication Vosevi (sofosbuvir 400 mg/velpatasvir 100 mg/voxilaprevir 100 mg) was approved on July 18 for the re-treatment of HCV in treatment-experienced people. Just two weeks later on August 3, the FDA approved the Abbvie medication Mavyret (glecaprevir 300 mg/pibrentasvir 120 mg) for the treatment of both treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced patients, including people living with HIV/HCV co-infection.

All too often, patients and advocates are told the medications are too expensive to cover and will wipe out Medicaid budgets, denying people treatment and/or making them wait until their liver health worsens so as to be eligible. This price significantly weakens this argument.
Again, there is nobody we can’t treat, and now we can afford to do it.

New At Behind The Headlines
Mice exposed to third-hand smoke developed brain and liver damage
Sept 15
"Third-hand smoke exposure can cripple your brain and liver, affecting your mannerisms, increasing your risk of neurodegenerative diseases, and ruining your metabolism," the Mail Online reports. But the study it reports on involved mice not people.

New At MD Magazine
A review of more than 1,000 studies found the vast majority of economic analyses of HCV therapies don’t incorporate patient input.

Worldwide HCV prevalence in 2017 dropped 2% from 2015 levels to 69.6 million viremic infections, thanks to increased treatment and prevention.

The fixed-dose combination of ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir (OBV/PTV/r) (Technivie, AbbVie), which is approved to treat HCV genotype 4, was combined with the pangenotypic DAA, sofosbuvir (SOF) (Sovaldi, Gilead), in addition to ribavirin for 12 weeks in patients having genotype 3 with cirrhosis, and with or without ribavirin in type 3 patients without cirrhosis. In addition, the regimen with ribavirin was administered for either 6 or 8 weeks to genotype 2 patients without cirrhosis.

New at Healio
Mavyret (glecaprevir/pibrentasvir), Vosevi (Sofosbuvir/Velpatasvir/Voxilaprevir) and Liver cancer:
HCV NEXT September/October Issue - Two Approvals Offer Even More Options for HCV Treatment

Of Interest
CATIE's HepCInfo Update 8.18 for August 19 to September 1, 2017. Read on to learn more about new and updated scientific findings in hepatitis C prevention, care, treatment and support.

NATAP
"Eradication of HCV has been shown to reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, to improve liver fibrosis, and to decrease the risk of other complications of chronic liver disease (39). However, the effects of HCV eradication on the extrahepatic manifestations of HCV have not been well studied in the new era of DAAs. Our study supports the idea that HCV eradication leads to a reduction in HbA1c in patients with diabetes."

Liver Cancer
"Most HCV-infected patients in the United States will undergo DAA-based antiviral treatment in the next few years and the vast majority of them will achieve SVR. Our results suggest that DAA-induced SVR is associated with a 71% reduction in HCC risk (AHR 0.29, 95% CI 0.23-0.37) compared to treatment failure. The reduction in HCC risk associated with SVR was similar irrespective of whether SVR was achieved by DAA-ONLY, DAA+IFN or IFN-ONLY regimens. This suggests that eradication of HCV reduces HCC risk independently of how it is achieved. In contrast to prior reports that suggested an increased HCC risk in patients treated with DAAs[[3], [7]], we found that receipt of DAA-ONLY antiviral treatment was not associated with increased risk of HCC when compared to receipt of IFN-ONLY antiviral treatment.....We found no evidence that treatment with DAAs was associated with increased risk of HCC compared to treatment with IFN.

More Than Okay to Reduce Sorafenib Dose for Liver Cancer
In the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), it's "safe and reasonable" to start sorafenib (Nexavar, Bayer) at reduced dosages, conclude authors of a new retrospective analysis of nearly 5000 patients. Reduced dosing was not associated with inferior overall survival compared with standard dosing, report the study authors, led by Kim Reiss Binder, MD, a medical oncologist at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

Review Article
Viral hepatitis and liver cancer - hepatitis B and C virus
Published:19 October 2017; volume 372, issue 1732

Medscape Medical News
Sofosbuvir Safe, Effective for HCV in Those With CKD
Sofosbuvir-based antiviral therapy cured hepatitis C virus infection in more than 80% of patients with chronic kidney disease, a retrospective cohort study found.

Lower GI Reading Room
Integrated care in prison systems key to reducing rates, transmission risk post-release

Medscape Gastroenterology
Updated Advice on Managing Liver Disease During Pregnancy
Dr Rowen Zetterman reviews the new American College of Gastroenterology guidelines on caring for pregnant patients with diseases ranging from liver masses to viral infections.

New at aidsmap
High prices of DAAs mean there's been little progress towards achieving WHO target of eliminating HCV by 2030
Sept 15
Only a handful of countries are on course to achieve the World Health Organization (WHO) target of eliminating hepatitis C virus (HCV) as a major public health concern by 2030, according to a study published in the Journal of Virus Eradication. Investigators estimated progress towards elimination by examining 2016 data on rates of cure after therapy with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), HCV-related deaths and new HCV infections. An overall reduction in prevalence of 0.71% was observed in the 91 countries included in the study, and global prevalence fell by just 0.4%.

New at The Body PRO
This Week in HIV Research: 'Massive Loss of Life'
Sept 15
This week, a study finds that reducing U.S. foreign aid for HIV-fighting efforts is a really bad idea no matter which way you cut it. We also examine meta-analysis data regarding pregnancy and the "old" tenofovir; newly published findings regarding cancer risk among people with HIV; and data regarding the potential viability of a neighborhood-specific approach to reduce HIV disparities in the U.S. To beat HIV, you have to follow the science!

On Twitter
Tweets By - Henry E. Chang
In Case You Missed It  - DAA therapy for chronic HCV infection results in liver stiffness regression over 12 months post-treatment

Full Text Articles
I highly suggest you follow Henry E. Chang on Twitter if you are interested in reading full text articles about the treatment and management of hepatitis C.

Baby Boomers - New At HepatitisC.net 
Out of 3.5 million Americans chronically infected with HCV, 80% are “baby boomers” (born between 1945 and 1965). If you were born between 1945 and 1952, you're now eligible for a senior citizen discount. Turning 65 does have its perks, especially grandchildren, right? If you're a grandparent living with the hepatitis C virus, Karen Hoyt, has a few tips for you; What to Tell Your Grandchild About Hepatitis C. Jump over to HepatitisC.net and view all blog updates, here.

HCV Stigma - New at HEP
HCV Stigma is in the spotlight over at Hep, Rick Nash, always positive, writes about stigma from a fresh prospective; Stigma: It’s not me, it’s you. In addition, "Science over Stigma explores the discriminatory, biased, and unnecessary practice of requiring a period of sobriety prior to receiving HCV curative treatment." Read the article, here.

Triaging Hepatitis C Treatment: Why the Fibrosis Score Is Not Valid, is a look at the bottom line results, what they mean for patients seeking treatment, written by devoted HCV advocate Greg Jefferys. Read additional blog articles at Hep, here.

October issue of Attitude
Gay men with hepatitis C are suffering stigma not seen since the HIV/Aids crisis, read the article published in the latest issue of Attitude.

New At Hepatitis B Foundation 
Over at Hepatitis B Foundation is a three part series with easy to read information about the hepatitis B virus, last week part three was published: Part I is about how the virus is transmitted, and may have helped you determine how you were infected with HBV. In Part II we will discuss the people closest to you who may be susceptible to your infection. Part III is about preventing future transmission to others. View all blog updates, here.

The Doctor Weighs In
Sept 15
Examining the Federal Response to the Opioid Crisis
The disease of addiction has claimed so many young lives and shows no signs of relenting. Today, overdoses are the leading cause of death in Americans under the age of 50. An addiction specialist on the front lines of battling the opioid epidemic in Ohio provides her perspective on Drug Addiction Commission's interim report.

In Case You Missed It
Tina

Friday, September 8, 2017

TGIF HCV Rewind - Coming to grips with an emerging epidemic of viral hepatitis

TGIF - HCV Rewind
Greetings, here is a quick rewind of news and research you may have missed over the last five days.

Listen
Silent killer: Coming to grips with an emerging epidemic of viral hepatitis
8th September, 2017
Infectious diseases expert and epidemiologist Dr Ben Cowie explains why viral hepatitis is fast becoming a hidden epidemic with significant public health consequences. Most people with chronic hepatitis types B and C aren't even aware they have the diseases as they show no obvious symptoms or signs, yet they risk severe illness or liver damage. So how is the global health community targeting hepatitis, and how to  grow awareness in a largely unsuspecting public? Presented by Dr Andi Horvath.
Listen here, or read the transcript.

Hep Fall 2017 - Special Issue
America’s opioid and hepatitis C crises
Topics
America’s opioid and hepatitis C crises
Meet Lynn Taylor, MD, a primary care physician fighting for cures on the front lines of America’s opioid and hepatitis C crises.
Getting Better
Health officials say opioid and heroin addiction—along with the resulting overdoses and HCV transmission—is rising at an alarming rate.
Begin here

Recommended Reading
Early intervention, testing keys to addressing hepatitis C problem, says CDC scientist
The problem with hepatitis C infections in the U.S. has several fronts: new patients from injection drug users caught up in the opioid crisis, a large population in prison that may not be getting tested and treated and a large number of Baby Boomers, many of whom don’t know they are infected, said a senior scientist with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Global health experts are today are calling for the removal of restrictions preventing people who use drugs from accessing new hepatitis C cures. So long as these restrictions exist, the goal of disease elimination will remain out of reach, they say.

Healio
Updates In Hepatology
Injection drug users with HCV lack awareness of DAA efficacy
September 8, 2017
Most people who inject drugs were not aware of currently available, highly effective hepatitis C treatments, according results of a national survey in Scotland presented at the International Symposium on Hepatitis Care in Substance Users.

In The News
By Jen Skerritt, Aoyon Ashraf , and Doug Alexander
Canadian marijuana producers rose on Friday after Ontario said it will open as many as 150 government-run pot stores and allow online purchases as the country gears up for legalized recreational sales next July.

The World Health Organization says drinking alcohol is a well-established risk factor for a range of cancers, including tumours of the mouth, liver, breast and colon and bowel. And the risk of cancer rises with levels of alcohol consumed.

The end still is not in sight for San Diego County’s deadly hepatitis A outbreak.

In Switzerland, about every tenth adult suffers from morbid obesity. Such corpulence can not only lead to diabetes or cardiovascular disease, but also to fat accumulation in the liver. Worldwide, about 25 to 30 percent of all adults and increasingly children are affected by such steatosis - becoming the most frequent liver disease in recent years. Some patients suffer from inflammation that could lead to a scarred shrinkage of the liver (cirrhosis) or even cancer.


Updated Informational Websites
News-Medical.Net
Last Updated: Sep 8, 2017

In The Journals 

Prepare for A Really Intense Flu Season, Say the Experts
Sam Benson Smith
Experts predict that this is going to be one of the most intense flu seasons in recent memory, according to NBC. Australia has a particularly severe flu season, then the U.S. will as well. Well, Australia had a particularly severe flu season.....

5 Things You Should Know About the Upcoming Flu Season
SEPTEMBER 11, 2017
Flu season is approaching soon, and it is a great time for pharmacists to educate patients on the importance of the annual influenza vaccine. Influenza can cause serious illness and death, especially among older adults, very young children, pregnant women, and individuals with certain chronic medical conditions. Below, please find 5 things you should know about the upcoming flu season

Flu vaccine less effective in obese individuals
Research we're watching
Not only is obesity a risk factor for flu complications, but it might actually make the flu vaccine less effective, says a study published online June 6, 2017, by the International Journal of Obesity. Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill found that the flu shot provides less protection in people who are obese.

The study compared flu rates in 1,022 people during two recent flu seasons. All participants were vaccinated against the flu. The researchers looked at immune response to the vaccine and also tracked who went on to get the virus. They found that nearly 10% of obese participants got the flu, compared with 5% of their healthy-weight counterparts. This is bad news, because individuals with a body mass index of 40 or higher are also more prone to flu complications.

It's not totally clear why obesity reduces the effectiveness of the flu vaccine, but the researchers suggested that the differences might indicate that certain immune cells, called T cells, don't work as well in obese individuals.

Health Capsule
Flu Vaccine Skin Patch Tested
To help increase these numbers, scientists are trying to develop easier ways to give the flu vaccine. A new study shows that a special skin patch may work as well as a shot with a hypodermic needle. The patch is about the size of a dime and has 100 tiny needles that contain flu vaccine. The needles are just long enough to pierce skin. Once inside skin, they dissolve within minutes.

Enjoy the upcoming weekend, thanks for stopping by.
Tina